Australians on average produce bout 180 kilograms of food and garden waste a year, producing methane gas which is a toxic greenhouse gas far more damaging than carbon dioxide.
Composting eliminates methane. What’s more, digging compost into your garden means that carbon is sunk back into the soil, with the organic matter drawing carbon dioxide with it.
Not only is composting beneficial to the environment, it is a great source of food for the garden and can be used across beds, vegetable patches and trees and shrubs.
Many people are put off because they think composting is complicated and attracts unwanted pests to the garden, but there are some easy ways to eliminate headaches and uninvited visitors to your compost.
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Make sure your compost is balanced with both wet and dry material. Try using leaves and sticks to keep the compost aerated and alternate wet and dry layers.
While how much you put in is not crucial, keep the layers equal in size so the balance is even.
While most food scraps can go into your compost, avoid adding dairy, meat or wheat to ensure you do not attract rodents or other pests.
Keeping the compost in a bottomless bin or in a wire cage also helps eliminate pests.
Turning the compost now and again will also help with improving the quality of your compost and can speed up the process too.
For larger gardens having two bins running is a great way to ensure a continuous supply of compost.
After two to six months, depending on the size of your bin, the compost will be ready to add to your garden.